Aviation Security

The primary objective of international civil aviation security and the Aviation Security Department is to ensure the protection and safeguarding of passengers, crew, ground personnel, the general public, aircraft and facilities of an airport serving international civil aviation, against acts of unlawful interference perpetrated on the ground or in flight.

This is carried out through a combination of measures, including the marshalling of various human and material resources at international and national airports.

NOTE:

Applications for access to the, Audit Approvals, NASP, Project and Security Equipment approvals shall be addressed to the AVSEC Executive  and may be sent utilising email address:  AvsecExec@caa.co.za

NB: A minimum of 4 weeks` notice notice is required for Audit Approvals

Air Cargo Security

Part 108 applies to all persons engaged in the acceptance, forwarding, storage and carriage of cargo by air.

Restricted Technical Guidance Material List (TGM)

The treatment and handling of security information, requires that information is requested and shared in a systematic manner. For access to Part 108 (Air Cargo Security) Techncial Guidance Material, an email must be sent to the responsible manager at dhlakamaa@caa.co.za.

TGM that are available on request:

  1. TGM RA ACSM
  2. TGM KC ACSM
  3. TGM Appropriate Screening Methods
  4. TGM High Risk Cargo
  5. TGM CSD Completion
  6. TGM Comat and Comail
  7. TGM Testing of Screening Equipment
More Information

​​​​Frequently Asked Questions – Air Cargo Security

Please visit our Frequently Asked Questions page to find all Air Cargo Security related FAQs.

Airports and Airlines
Responsibilities

The key responsibilities of the Airports and Airlines Department are to promote, regulate and enforce the Civil Aviation Act No. 13 of 2009, through the National Aviation Security Programme (NASP) and the Civil Aviation Regulations, 2011.

National Aviation Security Programme (NASP)

The Civil Aviation Act (Act No. 13 of 2009) and associated regulations, together with this programme, establish the basic legal authority for the implementation of civil aviation security policies, practices and procedures. The NASP ensures that the national requirements, policies and procedures which cover all relevant provisions of Annex 17 are consistently outlined as specified within the relevant Regulations.

Airport Facilitation Committee (AFC) Technical Guidance Material (TGM)

The Department of Transport (DOT) has developed TGM for the application in the establishment of an AFC (dated 9 March 2022).All airports that need this guidance material are to request it from the DOT and it will be forwarded individually.  The document is restricted and airports will be required to state whom is requesting it, name and title.    

DOT Contact: 

Mr Welcome Makamo
Deputy Director Aviation Security
Tel:  +27 12 309 3711 
Mobile:  +27 72 359 0158 
E-mail:  makamow@dot.gov.zaAlternate Contact:Ms Joyce Schmit

Specialist AVSEC Stakeholder Support, SACAA
E-mail:  schmitj@sacaa.co.za

More Information:

List of Technical Guidance Material, TGM, available on request

The treatment and handling of security information, requires that information is requested and shared in a systematic manner. For access to specific aviation security information, an email requesting such information must be sent to the responsible manager.

Please find contact details of the managers as well as the list of information that is available upon request.

PART 111 (Airports and Airlines) – NchabelengL@caa.co.za

  1. TGM Airport Security Program, ASP
  2. TGM Approval of Catering Stores and Supplies Service Provider Security Manual
  3. TGM Aircraft Operator Security Program, AOSP
  4. TGM Reporting of Bomb Threat Information
  5. TGM Protection of Flight Crew Compartment
  6. TGM Aircraft Security Check and Search
  7. TGM Suspect Explosive Devices

The NASP and associate Appendices Operations Support – AvsecExec@caa.co.za

  1. National Aviation Security Program
  2. National Aviation Security Training Program
  3. National Aviation Security Quality Control Program
  4. National Aviation Security Certification Program

PART 114 (Aviation Security Screening) – ModiseP@caa.co.za

  1. TGM for Air Carrier Security Programme, ACSP
  2. TGM for Reporting of Bomb Threat Information
  3. TGM for Protection of Flight Crew Compartment
  4. TGM for Aircraft Security Check and Search
  5. TGM for Security Section of FOM
  6. TGM for Suspect Explosive Devices
Public Security Awareness for Travellers

The security of our airports, aircraft and air traffic navigation services is our responsibility as citizens of the Republic and the global air travel community.

Traveling soon, here are some Security traveling tips for you!

Before leaving for the Airport

For a seamless air travel experience prepare ahead of time. This will help minimize interruptions and interactions at the airport and get you to your flight on time.

  • Know what is in your bag. Pack your own bags and do not let any person pack them for you.
  • Lock and protect your bags.
  • Ensure you have valid travel documents
  • Pack your valuables in your cabin/hand luggage, not in your checked baggage.
  • Liquids, Aerosols, Gels and Creams aka LAGs carried as cabin luggage shall comply with airport security protocols. These may only be carried in containers of 100ml capacity or less, in a single transparent re-sealable bag no larger than 20cm x 20cm or 1 litre carrying capacity. Your airline should provide you with this information.
  • LAGS over 100ml will not be permitted through security, pack them in your checked baggage.
  • Exceptions may be made to the 100ml LAGs rule on baby food and milk, special diet and medicines provided it is accompanied by a medical certificate. Please check with your airline as cabin/hand luggage allowances vary from airline to airline.
  • Some items are not allowed to be carried as cabin/hand luggage but can be carried as checked baggage. Please click here for the prohibited and restricted items list.
  • Ensure that you are not carrying sharp objects, firearms and other harmful objects in your cabin/hand luggage.
  • Perform the necessary travel formalities before getting to the airport such as:
  • Online check-in online for your flight, and if possible, print your bag tags at home
  • Completing e-VISA or travel authorization for international, contact and health information declaration as per local health regulations.

At the Airport

  • Arrive early for check in.
  • Adhere to requests from Airport personnel to ensure a safe and secure journey.
  • It is a criminal offense to joke about hijackings, bombings or any kind of acts of unlawful interference, or about having COVID-19 at any given time.
  • Only check in baggage and carry luggage that belongs to you, do not accept carriage onboard any baggage of any person unknown to you. It is illegal to check-in a bag on behalf of someone else.
  • Carry travel documents, credit cards and money on your person.
  • Look out for prohibited items not permitted for carriage on board the aircraft. Your Airline should provide this information.
  • Please keep your cabin/hand luggage with you all the time, not leave your bags and belongings unattended.
  • Report any suspicious behavior, activities and packages or unattended luggage at the airport to airport staff or law enforcement officials. Pay attention to Public Announcements.
  • You may be required to identify yourself at any given time by Security Officers or Airline staff.

At the Central Security checkpoint

  • Be aware of airport security procedures. Expect to be searched if you activate the archway metal detector as well as randomly by the Security Officers.
  • Comply with lawful security instructions and cooperate with security officers and airline staff. Interfering with duties of security officers at any given point is a criminal offense.
  • Failure to abide by the rules will also lead to denial of transportation and may lead to prosecution.
  • You will be refused access to the security restricted area or carriage if you refuse to be searched.
  • Remove all electronic items such as laptops, tablets, mobile phones and cameras from your cabin/hand luggage or bag, outer clothing, items with metallic parts such as belts, shoes, keys, coins etc and place into baggage trays before proceeding through the metal detector. Surfaces and trays will be cleaned frequently.
  • Security rules for liquids, gels (LAGs), prohibited and restricted items apply and will be confiscated at the security checkpoint and will not be retrievable.
  • Expectant mothers, passengers with disabilities, passengers with pacemakers, implants or prosthesis and other medical conditions not encouraging use of metal detectors may be exempted from walking through metal detectors at the discretion of the security officials, and on the presentation of a medical certificate. These passengers will instead undergo a physical check that will be conducted by a suitable security officer.

Onboard the Aircraft

  • Comply with security instruction issued by crew.
  • Inappropriate comments such as saying, “I have a bomb”, “I have COVID-19” or joking that you will hijack the plane are an offense may lead to a fine or prison.
  • Unruly behaviour on board the aircraft constitutes an offense, make the travel experience pleasant for everyone on board, be pleasant.
  • Report any disturbing or unacceptable behaviour including suspicious behaviour to the cabin crew.
  • Please be advised that inappropriate comments, failure to cooperate with security instructions and interfering with crew and their duties on board an aircraft constitutes an offense punishable by law.

Prohibited and Restricted Items

  • Beware of prohibited and restricted items. There are items prohibited for carriage on an aircraft, please ensure that you are not carrying explosives, harmful items, sharp objects and any other prohibited items. These will be confiscated at the security checkpoint and will not be retrievable.
  • There are items which may be brought onboard the aircraft by passengers and crew, provided listed restrictions and limitations are adhered to.
  • Declare Dangerous Goods in your checked baggage.
  • Also note that the use of Dangerous Goods Boxes for packing other items is prohibited.

To find out which items are prohibited for carriage on both International and Domestic flights from South Africa, click here.

For information of items which may be carried onboard the aircraft by passengers and crew, in either their checked or carry-on baggage on both International and Domestic flights from South Africa.  Click here to view Table 2.3 A

Reporting of security concerns and security

For reporting of any aviation-related occurrences and safety and security information to the Civil Aviation Authority click on this link. Reports can be submitted anonymously and confidentially by individuals and organisations.

Avsec Training (Part 109)

The Avsec Training and Certification department’s mandate is to approve Aviation Security (AVSEC) training organisations and support training organisation’s objective of implementing quality controlled education and training which meet the requirements of the Training and Certification regulations as encapsulated in CARS Part 109 as well as their associated Technical Standards.

Restricted Technical Guidance Material List (TGM)

The treatment and handling of security information, requires that information is requested and shared in a systematic manner. 

For access to Part 109 (Aviation Security Training) Technical Guidance Material, an email must be sent to the responsible manager at yendep@caa.co.za or send an email to clientcare@caa.co.za. 

TGM that are available on request:

Part 109 – Aviation Security Training  

  1. TGM for Designing and Developing Learning Programmes 
Approved Part 109 Aviation Security Training Organsations
More Information…
Guidance Material
Useful ICAO Information

Avsec Personnel Certification (Part 110)

The Personnel Certification department’s mandate is to approve Aviation Security (AVSEC) training organisations; certifying aviation security (AVSEC) screeners, and support training organisation’s objective of implementing quality controlled education and training which meet the requirements of the Training and Certification regulations as encapsulated in CARS Part 109 and 110 as well as their associated Technical Standards.

Restricted Technical Guidance Material List (TGM)

The treatment and handling of security information, requires that information is requested and shared in a systematic manner. 

For access to Part 110 (Aviation Security Screening ) Technical Guidance Material, an email must be sent to the responsible manager at YendeP@caa.co.za

TGM that are available on request:

Part 110 – Aviation Security Screening 

  1. TGM for On the Job Training (OJT) Personnel
  2. TGM for OJT Appendixes 
More Information…
Guidance Material

Avsec Operations Support

The AVSEC Operations Support primary focus is on enhancing and promoting aviation safety and security by investigating AVSEC accidents and incidents with the objective of preventing re-occurrence through promoting safety and security recommendations and preventive programs as well as enforcement measures.

Notices:

APPROVAL OF AIRPORT DESIGN:

In accordance Part 6.3.4 (f) of the NASP requires that airport authorities shall provide for the incorporation of security features in the design of new airport facilities, particularly for those areas which on completion are likely to be vital to the continuity of operations. All new facilities as well as renovations to existing facilities require prior approval from the SACAA AVSEC division.

APPORVAL OF THE PROCUREMENT OF SECURITY SCREENING EQUIPMENT

The Appropriate Authority shall determine the minimum specifications of screening equipment intended for use at designated airports. Prior to procurement of any security screening equipment, a request must be made to the SACAA AVSEC for the minimum specifications and approval of such equipment.

Reporting

To report an incident, breach or deficiency, click here.

CENTRALISED SAFETY AND SECURITY REPORTING (CSSR).

The aim of CSSR is to contribute to the enhancement of aviation safety and security in South Africa by providing a centralised approach to safety and security reporting for all individuals employed in or associated with the aviation industry, including the travelling public. Reporters may report with respect to the three following areas:

  1. Mandatory incident reports:
    Reporting deficiencies and breaches in security is an essential component of maintaining security standards. According to the NASP the SACAA shall be informed immediately of deficiencies or breaches, with the corrective action to address them, within 48 hours of their occurring. The SACAA shall verify the implementation of the corrective action. Reports must be forward to the following email address: AVSECIncidents@caa.co.za
  2. Voluntary reports:
    Reporting of a hazard or incident, at the reporter’s own will and initiative, without any legal or administrative requirement to do.
  3. Confidential reports:
    Voluntary incident or hazard reports where the reporter’s identity is protected by providing a means by which individuals are able to raise issues of concern without being identified to their peer group, management or respective organisations. Confidentiality is achieved by the de-identification of the reporters’ details and following the Confidential Aviation Hazard Reporting System Requirements.

Restricted Technical Guidance Material List (TGM)

The treatment and handling of security information, requires that information is requested and shared in a systematic manner. For access to Operations Support Techncial Guidance Material, an email must be sent to the responsible manager at AvsecExec@caa.co.za 

TGM that are available on request:

  1. TGM for Prohibited Items
  2. TGM for Randomness and Unpredictability
  3. TGM for Overt and Covert Testing
  4. TGM Security Equipment
  5. TGM Screening of Passengers and Cabin Baggage
  6. National Aviation Security Program
  7. National Aviation Security Training Program
  8. National Aviation Security Quality Control Program
  9. National Aviation Security Certification Program
  10. TGM Access Control
  11. TGM Aircraft Security Search
  12. TGM Aviation Security Signs
  13. TGM Enhanced Security Measures
  14. TGM Model Business Security Program

Other Technical Guidance Material

Cyber Security

About Us

The AVSEC cybersecurity oversight system was established for the development and implementation of the cybersecurity governance framework and practices. The purpose is to guide the industry on implementing effective secure, compliant and resilient aviation security posture management. 

Technical Guidance Material

 Contact Details:

Dikeledi Mzimba
AVSEC Risk and Cybersecurity Specialist
Tel: 076 943 2206
Email: mzimbad@caa.co.za

Risk Management

Purpose

To provide a systematic approach and to gather measurable threat and risk information; to inform an effective response plan and selection of mitigation measures. This proactive security responses serve to inform the prioritization and the frequency of our quality control activities with the goal of:

  • Strengthening the security culture
  • Promoting’s threat base managed approach to security
  • To focus on performance results and impact; and
  • the promotion of effective internal and external partnership, collaboration and cooperation.

Outcomes

It establishes a process for updating and reviewing threats and risk on a regular basis to provide an opportunity for the

  • Identification of threats
  • Analysis of those threats
  • Continuous monitoring of the implemented security measure
  • Continuous review of standards, assurance and management activities based on the identified gaps 
  • Maintain the aviation security risk management tools

Technical Guidance Material

  • National Aviation Security Risk Context statement * 
  • National Risk Matrix * 
  • TGM title Risk methodology *

Only available on request.  To obtain the documents, please contact mzimbad@caa.co.za.

Contact

Dikeledi Mzimba
AVSEC Risk and Cybersecurity Specialist
Tel: 076 943 2206
Email: mzimbad@caa.co.za

Cyber Security
About Us

The AVSEC cybersecurity oversight system was established for the development and implementation of the cybersecurity governance framework and practices. With the goal of promoting the execution of a multi layered security measure and development of cybersecurity culture. By ensuring the systems of systems that exist within the extended aviation supply chain is resilient to the changing threat landscape.

Purpose

To guide the industry implementing effective secure, compliant and resilient aviation security posture management. Informed by appropriate risk management activities and to provide situational awareness.

Scope of Work
  1. Communication 

The oversight model adopted by the Regulator involved evaluation of information security and cybersecurity policy, procedures and practices. Each assessments areas depended on open communication with industry to define and establishments of a trust information sharing mechanism and governance structure to complement the leadership within industry to support cybersecurity strategy as contained in the SACAT and NASP.

  1. Critical infrastructure system identification

The ability to gain visibility into the aviation ecosystem, require the identification of all systems (assets, networks and information technology and operational technology) managed internally and externally, considering the interconnectivity across the entire aviation ecosystem. The goal being to develop and implement safety and security principles, enhancement of information sharing systems, reinforcement of incident response capacity, risk management and preparation of incident readiness.

  1. Cybersecurity assessment

The assessment model acknowledges that cybersecurity is a cross- cutting discipline that covers policy, processes, technology and people. This is conveyed through the application of the six (6) assessment areas which are outcome-based focus to measure the systematic application of security measures. For further details refer to technical guidance material, which outline the following assessment area:

  • Establishment of leadership and governance structure
  • Identification
  • Protection
  • Detection
  • Respond
  • Recovery

4.  Raising Awareness

Encourage the development and implementation of set program for awareness to build cyber knowledge, and culture into how to protect industry against the emerging aviation threats and risk. And to ensure promotion of appropriate handling of information by all personnel.

Restricted Technical Guidance Material List (TGM)

The treatment and handling of security information, requires that information is requested and shared in a systematic manner. For access to Part 108 (Air Cargo Security) Techncial Guidance Material, an email must be sent to the responsible manager at dhlakamaa@caa.co.za.

TGM that are available on request:

  1. TGM RA ACSM
  2. TGM KC ACSM
  3. TGM Appropriate Screening Methods
  4. TGM High Risk Cargo
  5. TGM CSD Completion
  6. TGM Comat and Comail
  7. TGM Testing of Screening Equipment

Technical Guidance Material

Contact Details

Dikeledi Mzimba
AVSEC Risk and Cybersecurity Specialist
Tel: 076 943 2206
Email: mzimbad@caa.co.za

Prohibited Items On All Flights Departing South Africa

When preparing for traveling by air it is important to note that for safety and security reasons there are restrictions on items to be carried on an aircraft. Certain items may not be carried as cabin luggage, but can be carried as checked baggage, on the other hand there are those items that are strictly prohibited for carriage on an aircraft. The following information aligned with International Civil Aviation Organisation ICAO Technical Instruction, IATA regulations, and civil aviation regulations is provided as a guideline of prohibited or restricted items on all Domestic and International flights.

Passenger are advised to contact their airline or airport for precise information on items allowed or prohibited for carriage on an aircraft and for country specific restrictions. Different countries may implement further restrictions on items listed in this guideline. Additionally, the airport reserves the right to subject permitted items to additional security screening processes or disallow such items through the checkpoint if there are security concerns or as per their airport regulation.

Items prohibited for carriage in the cabin

Guns, firearms and other devices that discharge projectiles

  • Firearms of all types, including pistols, revolvers, rifles, shotguns. Passengers can carry guns designed solely for sporting purposes provided that:
    • the airline agrees to their carriage in line with applicable legislation;
    • details of them have been provided to the airline;
    • they are appropriately packed and presented as checked baggage; and
    • they are unloaded;
  • Component part of firearms (excluding telescopic sights)
  • Compressed air and CO2 guns, including pistols, pellet guns, rifles and ball bearing guns
  • Signal flare pistols and starter pistols
  • Harpoon guns and spear guns
  • Slingshots and catapults.

Stunning devices

  • Devices for shocking, such as stun guns (e.g. teasers) and stun batons
  • Animal stunners and animal killers
  • Disabling and incapacitating chemicals, gases and sprays, such as mace, or capsicum spray, acid sprays and animal repellent sprays

Objects with sharp points of sharp edges

  • Items designed for chopping, such as, hatches and cleavers
  • Knives with blades and razor blades
  • Scissors with blades
  • Martial arts equipment with sharp points or sharp edges swords and sabers
  • Sharp objects are not allowed in the cabin of all flights. Sharp objects packed as checked baggage must be securely wrapped to prevent injury to persons inspecting baggage and to baggage handlers.

Workers tools

  • Tools with blades or shafts more than 6cm. capable of use as weapons, such as screwdrivers, chisels
  • Saw, including cordless portable power saws
  • Blowtorches
  • Bolt guns and nail guns

Blunt instruments

  • Clubs and batons, such as billy clubs and nightsticks

Liquid, aerosols and gels (International Flights)

The following guidelines are to be followed in terms of packing of liquids, aerosols and gels, LAGs.

  • LAGs must be carried in individual containers with a capacity not greater than 100 millilitres (or equivalent) and contained in one transparent resealable plastic bag of a capacity not exceeding 1 litre (or equivalent) per passenger.
  • The contents of the plastics bag shall fit comfortably, and the bag shall be completely closed.
  • Exemptions should be made for medications (accompanied with a letter from a registered physician), baby milk/foods and special dietary requirements.

Passenger are advised to contact their airline for a comprehensive list of LAGs, information on countries with LAGs restrictions on both arrival and departure flights and regarding terms and conditions for exemptions.

Items prohibited for carriage in all flights departing from South Africa

Certain items are prohibited for carriage as cabin/hand luggage, checked baggage and on one’s person and are classified by ICAO as Dangerous Goods. Information regarding prohibited items for carriage on an aircraft is taken from the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air and Dangerous Goods regulations.

Examples of items prohibited for carriage on an aircraft

  • Blasting caps
  • Detonators caps
  • Replica or imitation explosives devices
  • Pyrotechnics, including fireworks, flares
  • Smoke-generating canisters or cartridges
  • Explosives: Dynamite, gunpowder and plastics explosives, mines, grenades and other explosive military stores
  • Party poppers
  • Incendiary substances and devices
  • Munitions

Passenger are advised to contact their airline for precise information on prohibited items and dangerous goods restrictions for all flights departing from South Africa.

Sensitive Aviation Security Information

What is Sensitive Aviation Security Information (SASI)

It is Information that, if accessed by or disclosed to unauthorized persons, could create or be used to exploit a vulnerability or facilitate an act of unlawful interference against civil aviation.

 

SASI Requirements

  • SASI must be secured to prevent unauthorised access.
  • When SASI is no longer needed it should be destroyed.

 

Best Practices

  • Reasonable steps must be taken to safeguard SASI. Below are some best practices that may serve as guidance:
  • Use a SASI cover sheet on all SASI materials or mark documents as SASI.
  • Electronic presentations (e.g., PowerPoint) should be marked with the SASI header or footer.
  • Spreadsheets should be marked with the SASI header or footer.
  • Electronic files or documents should be password protected.
  • Portable drives including “flash” or “thumb” drives should be password protected.
  • When leaving your computer or desk you must lock up all SASI and you should lock or turn off your computer.
  • Taking SASI home is not recommended. If necessary, get permission from a supervisor and lock up all SASI at home.
  • Transmit SASI via email only in a password protected attachment, not in the body of the email. Send the password without identifying information in a separate email or by phone.
  • A strong password will contain at least eight chara​cters, have at least one uppercase and one lowercase letter, contain at least one number, one special character and not be a word in the dictionary.
  • When SASI is no longer needed it should be properly destroyed by using a shredder or by cutting it manually into less than 1,5 cm squares, and with electronic records using any method that will preclude recognition or reconstruction. 

Legislation

DOCUMENT LIST

Forms

NameTitleDescriptionCategoryFile
DeclarationConsignment Security DeclarationPart 108Download 120 kb
CA 110-01AVSEC Screening Organisation ApplicationPart 110Download 88 kb
CA 110-02AVSEC Screener ExaminationPart 110Download 133 kb
CA 108-02Application For Approval As Regulated AgentPart 108Download 97 kb
CA 108-01Application For Accreditation As Known ConsignorPart 108Download 48 kb
CA 109-01Application For Approval As AVSEC Training OrganisationPart 109Download 178 kb
CA 109-02Amendment Of An Approved As AVSEC Training OrganisationPart 109Download 176 kb
CA 109-23Workshop Attendee Details FormPart 109Download 125 kb
CA 92-08Application For Exemption In Terms Of Part 92, 92.00.3(1)Part 92Download 183 kb
CA 92-21Application For Validation Of Foreign DG CertificatePart 92Download 105 kb
CA 109-08Application For Aviation Security Instructor CertificationPart 109Download 113 kb
CA 109-07Workshop Feedback FormPart 109Download 113 kb
CA 92-38Application For DG ApprovalPart 92Download 113 kb
CA 109-22Avsec External Attendance RegisterPart 109Download 113 kb