1. ESTABLISHMENT OF THE SACAA
The South African Civil Aviation Authority (SACAA) was established on 1 October 1998 following the enactment of the South African Civil Aviation Act, No.40, in September of the same year. The Act provided for the establishment of a stand-alone authority charged with promoting, regulating and enforcing civil aviation safety and security. Prior to that, these functions were performed by the Directorate of Civil Aviation in the Department of Transport. This Act was repealed and replaced by the new Civil Aviation Act, 2009 (Act No. 13 of 2009) (“the Act”). SACAA is governed and controlled by the Civil Aviation Authority Board (“the Board”). In terms of mandate, the SACAA is tasked with promoting and maintaining a safe, secure and sustainable civil aviation environment, by regulating and overseeing the functioning and development of the industry in an efficient, cost-effective, and customer-friendly manner according to international standards.
The creation of the SACAA reflected the government’s then priorities of policy development, economic restructuring, addressing social inequalities and reducing the burden on the general taxpayer by expanding the application of the “user-pays” system.
A further motivation for setting up a stand-alone civil aviation regulatory authority was to be in line with international trends in the aviation world, where an increasing number of states implemented this option.
The government was indeed convinced that in operating at arms’s length from the state, the SACAA would be more ready to meet its international obligations in relation to the International Civil Aviation Organisation’s (ICAO) standards and recommended practices in order to ensure aviation safety in South Africa.
2. MANDATE OF THE SACAA
Regulating the civil aviation industry to ensure security and safety by complying with the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) and taking into consideration the local context.
To be rated amongst the top 30 CAAs within five years.
· To regulate aviation safety and security through oversight in line with international standards
· To minimise the impact of the aviation industry on the environment; and
· To promote transformation, development and sustainability in partnership with industry players.
5. STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES
· Improve stakeholder relations
· Promote aviation awareness
· Comply with ICAO Safety and Security critical elements
· Reduce aircraft accidents
· Achieve BBBEE Level 3 within 5 years
· Enable environmental protection
· Establish a high performance culture
· Improve organisational efficiency.
Our excellence, your safety
Good is never good enough
Always giving best effort, and seeking to continuously improve
Maintain high ethical standards and approach issues professionally without any bias and in a transparent manner that engenders trust amongst all our stakeholders
Service delivery ahead of customer expectation
Striving to always exceed customer expectations
Teaming and partnering
Working with others where we are jointly accountable for the end result.
8. SACAA FUNDING
The SACAA gets its funding from three (3) sources, namely:
i. Direct / User Fees - These are the fees that the users (industry) pay to the SACAA for the services rendered by the SACAA such as the issuing of certificates, registration of new aircraft, etcetera.
ii. Indirect Fees - Indirect fees consist of:
ü Aircraft passenger safety charge payable by all scheduled passengers, and a
ü Fuel levy on general aviation.
iii. Government Funding - The SACAA receives funding from the Department of Transport for the investigation of accidents and serious incidents which are carried out on the department’s behalf.
9. WHO ARE OUR STAKEHOLDERS?
The SACAA stakeholder profile comprises all people and organisations who are directly or indirectly involved in the civil aviation industry. These can either be people or organisations that are actively involved in the industry or those who are rendering support services. The SACAA also works closely with key decision-makers in government and with international partners. Key stakeholders thus include:
· Government, through the Departments of Transport and Foreign Affairs;
· Aircraft owners and operators;
· Aircraft designers and manufacturers
· Aircraft maintenance organisations;
· Airline operators;
· Licensed aviation personnel;
· Aviation training organisations such as flight schools;
· Other state agencies such as the Airport Company South Africa (ACSA) and Air Traffic & Navigation Services (ATNS);
· International partners such as ICAO and AFCAC;
· Other civil aviation authorities or bodies in the SADC Region and the rest of the world; and
· Other Government regulatory bodies such as Customs, Immigration and the Air Service Licensing Council.
10. WHO DO WE REGULATE?
The SACAA is responsible for regulating all individuals or organisations involved in civil aviation. These are:
· Aircraft operators;
· Air traffic services units;
· Aircraft maintenance organisations;
· Aircraft owners;
· Aircraft designers and manufacturers;
· Licensed aviation personnel;
· Aviation training organisations.
11. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
The South African Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) is committed to sound and transparent business practices, and upholds the principles of fairness, accountability, responsibility and transparency associated with good corporate governance. As such, the Board of the CAA (the Board) is committed to the highest standards of corporate governance and takes pride in the organisation’s ethical business standards. The Board is also committed to complying with the principles contained in the King Report on Corporate Governance for South Africa, 2009 (King III) and to the requirements of the Public Finance Management Act, 1999 (Act No. 1 of 1999) (“PFMA”). Overall responsibility for the strategic direction of corporate governance within the CAA lies with the Board. On the other hand, operational responsibility and day-to-day functioning of the organisation lies with the executive team, with the Director at the helm.
The enabling legislation for the CAA requires the Minister, the SACAA Board and the Director of Civil Aviation to enter into a written Performance Agreement. The Performance Agreement relates to, among others, the Minister’s requirements in respect of the Board and the CAA’s scope of business, efficiency and financial performance and the achievements of objectives. In line with the enabling legislation, the Performance Agreement was negotiated and concluded between the Board, the CEO/Commissioner (as he was then known) and the Minister during the year under review. The Performance Agreement reinforces accountability by the CAA to the Minister as the Executive Authority. The Performance Agreement further sets out the deliverables, objectives and key performance indicators (“KPIs”) with which the CAA has to comply.
12. Areas of Oversight
The roles and responsibilities of the CAA revolve around the following six areas of oversight:
Aircraft Safety – The Aircraft Safety Division is concerned with ensuring that all aircraft that fly in our airspace are airworthy. Included in the Divisions mandate is the upkeep of the civilian aircraft register, ensuring that civilian aircraft are maintained in accordance with requirements, oversight of Aircraft Maintenance Organisations, the approval of aircraft modifications and Supplementary Type Certificates and to ascertain that maintenance engineers adhere to the applicable regulations.
Aviation Security – The mandate of the Aviation Security Division relates to the security of airports, air operators, cargo, the safe transportation of dangerous goods as well as the oversight of aviation security training organizations.
Air Safety Infrastructure – The Air Safety Infrastructure Division is responsible for ensuring that South African airports, helistops, heliports and airspace are safe. In addition this division also ensures that off-airport structures that may affect the safety of air navigation comply with all safety standards as required by the Regulations. The division is also responsible for the approval of flight procedures and the licensing of Air Traffic Controllers. Furthermore, the division is responsible for the provision of aeronautical safety information to the industry in accordance with ICAO requirements.
Air Safety Operations – This division ensures regulatory compliance and safety oversight of all Air Operators, Aviation Training Organisations, Designated Flight Examiners, Designated Aviation Medical Examiners and Aircraft Maintenance Engineers. In addition, the Air Safety Operations Division is also responsible for Flight Inspections, Maintenance of Examinations, Testing Standards and Aviation Medical Standards in the South African aviation context. The division also certifies the safety technical compliance of Aviation Navigation Aids.
Risk and Compliance – Enterprise Wide Risk Management forms and integral part of the SACAA’s business processes and risk assessments focused on the areas of Strategic Core Operational and Support Service related risk. The Division also encompasses the Client Services, Aviation Personnel Licensing and Examinations as well as the Information Management Departments.